Le pape Pie IX-RELICS

Pope Pius IX

Pope Pius IX, whose birth name was Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, is one of the most famous popes in the history of the Catholic Church. He was born on May 13, 1792 in Senigallia, in the Kingdom of Italy, and died on February 7, 1878 in the Vatican. Pius IX was elected pope on June 16, 1846 and served as pontificate for more than 31 years, until his death in 1878. His papal reign is one of the longest in Church history.

Here are some important facts and events associated with the pontificate of Pope Pius IX:

  1. Defender of Catholic Doctrine: Pius IX was an ardent defender of Catholic doctrine, and his pontificate was marked by efforts to clarify and strengthen the teachings of the Church. He published the Syllabus of Errors in 1864, a list of propositions he considered condemnable, and convened the First Vatican Council in 1869–1870, during which the dogma of papal infallibility was defined.

  2. Opposition to liberalism and nationalism: Pius IX opposed the liberal and nationalist movements that were gaining ground in Europe in the 19th century. He condemned the separation of church and state, as well as ideas linked to Italian nationalism. His opposition to the Church's loss of temporal power led to the occupation of Rome by Italian troops in 1870, ending the Papal States.

  3. Exile in Gaeta: After the fall of the Papal States in 1870, Pius IX was forced into exile in Gaeta, in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, for about two years, until he could return to the Vatican after the conclusion of the Lateran Accords in 1871, which recognized the sovereignty of the Vatican as an independent state.

  4. Canonization of saints: Pius IX canonized a number of saints and blesseds, including Saint Bernadette Soubirous (the visionary of Lourdes), Saint Jean-Marie Vianney (the Curé of Ars), and Saint Thérèse of Lisieux.

  5. Death and beatification: Pope Pius IX died on February 7, 1878 in the Vatican. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on September 3, 2000.

The reign of Pope Pius IX was marked by major events in the history of the Church and by his strong opposition to the secularist and nationalist ideas of his time. It is often associated with the era of papal temporal power and the transition of the Catholic Church to modernity.

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